Why are communication rights vital to the self-determination of indigenous peoples? Indigenous peoples are the custodians of unique languages, knowledge systems and beliefs and possess invaluable knowledge of practices for the sustainable management of natural resources. They have a special relation to their traditional land which has intrinsic meaning for their collective physical and cultural survival. Indigenous peoples often suffer from poor political representation and participation, economic marginalization and poverty, lack of access to social services and cultural discrimination. Despite cultural differences, indigenous peoples the world over share common problems: striving for recognition of their identities, their ways of life, and their right to traditional lands, territories and natural resources.