This report (written by Nael Jebril, Václav Stetka, and Matthew Loveless) explores what is known about the roles of the mass media in transitions to democracy. It offers a fundamental overview of thinking regarding democratisation through the media, and covers the major works, theories, and themes relevant to the study of mass media in transitional contexts. Throughout the review, selected regions are explored (i.e. Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America, and the Arab world) in more detail to provide a comprehensive outlook on previous works that aim to understand, explain, or predict democratisation processes (i.e. regime change, institutional change, and democratic socialisation) with reference to the media. The study aims to uncover a sufficient basis for a theory of mass media during democratisation through reviewing and aligning existing work and empirical evidence on this subject.
2. Mass Media and Institutional Change during Democratisation
2.1 Media and Institutional Change in Central and Eastern Europe: ‘Lessons to be Learned’?
2.2 Mass Media and Political Accountability in Latin America
3. Mass Media and Attitudinal and Behavioural Change during Democratisation
3.1 Media Diffusion
3.2 Political Socialisation
3.3 New Media
3.4 The Challenge of Attitudinal and Behavioural Research
4. Media and Democratisation in the Arab World
4.1 The Challenge of Media and Democratisation Research in the Arab World
5. Revising the Media’s Revolutionary Role: The Rise of Social Media?
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism (2013). PDF.